Melbourne is that the capital and most thickly settled town within the province of Victoria, and therefore the second most thickly settled town in Australia and archipelago. The name "Melbourne" refers to the world of urban agglomeration spanning nine, 900 km2 (3,800 sq mi) that contains the broader metropolitan space, also as being the common name for its city center. The metropolis is found on the massive natural bay of Port Phillip and expands into the hinterlands toward the geographical region mountain ranges, Morning ton terra farmland Yarra natural depression. Melbourne consists of thirty one municipalities. It’s a population of four, 442,918 as of 2014, and it’s in habitants square measure known as Melbournians.
Melbourne rates extremely in education, diversion, health care, analysis and development, business and sport, creating it the world's most habitable city—for the fifth year during a row in 2015, in step with the economic expert Intelligence Unit. it's a number one monetary centre within the Asia-Pacific region, and ranks among the highest thirty cities within the world within the international monetary Centers Index. Spoken as Australia's "cultural capital", it's the birthplace of Australian art movement, Australian rules soccer, the Australian film and TV industries, and Australian modern dance like the Melbourne Shuffle. It’s recognized as a United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization town of Literature and a significant centre for street art, music and theatre. it's home to several of Australia's largest and oldest cultural establishments like the Australian Centre for the Moving Image, Melbourne Cricket Ground, the National Gallery of Victoria, the State Library of Victoria and therefore the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization World Heritage-listed Royal Exhibition Building.